President Bush’s FY 2009 federal budget is the largest in history at $3 trillion. The government-wide homeland security portion of that represents a 10.7% plus-up compared to 2008. Within DHS, spending will increase by 7.6 percent from FY08.
Customs and Border Protection is the biggest slice with $9.5 billion in discretionary spending. The largest account by far is SBInet. With $775 million of the pie, SBInet is a technology investment intended to create a net-centric border security capability. Indeed, the budget request for SBInet only includes 15 full time staff equivalents. The second largest ticket for CBP actually is people. $442 million is requested for staffing up the army of Border Patrol agents.
The Coast Guard claims $7.8 billion in discretionary spending for FY09. About $1.1 billion of this is for fleet modernization under the Integrated Deepwater Systems program. $44 million is dedicated to Maritime Domain Awareness support through such programs as Nationwide Automatic Identification System, Maritime Awareness Global Network (MAGNet) 2.0, and Command 21.
With a budget request of just above $7 billion, TSA comes in at a hardy third. Another Administration document explains that almost $6 billion will go toward aviation security systems, but this also includes a four-year surcharge in the passenger security fee of $0.50 â€œper enplanementâ€ with the potential to increase to $1.00 per one-way trip. The budget anticipates $426 million to be collected and deposited in an â€œAviation Security Capital Fund.â€ As part of the remainder, Behavioral Detection Officers, the Aviation Direct Access Screening Program, and Visible Intermodal Protection and Response (VIPR) and Canine Explosive Detection (K-9) teams comprise $125 million in new dollars.
For more on the budget breakdown among DHS component agencies, see the Administration’s Budget in Brief, from which the table below is drawn.