Homeland Security Watch

News and analysis of critical issues in homeland security

April 20, 2011

Japan: Letter from an oldie in a hinanjo

Filed under: Catastrophes — by Philip J. Palin on April 20, 2011

Yesterday the Japan Times ran the following. The English-language paper regularly offers essays of this type to introduce Japanese (nihongo) words and concepts to its readers.

I am more interested in the first-person report. Forty days and forty nights after the 9.0 earthquake and tsunami, over 100,000 Japanese continue to be housed in evacuation centers, over 800,000 are without regularly assured sources of water, electricity has still not been restored to many areas.

Yesterday, I was in yet another meeting where intelligent, experienced, and committed American professionals (this time from the private sector) minimized the implications of the Japanese experience. I wonder what our mothers might write to us in the month after an American catastrophe.

On the one year anniversary of the explosion and oil spill in the Gulf, remembering the Murrah building victims, and as wildfires scorch wide swaths of Texas, giving some sustained attention to lessons-observed from Japan does not seem to me unreasonable.


By Kaori Shoji

I never thought at my age, that I would be in this spot. But this is where I am at 74, in the taiikukan (gymnasium) of a middle school in Miyagi Prefecture, now known as a hinanjo (evacuation center) for people who lost their homes to the earthquake and tsunami that hit the region on March 11. I lived in a little house that I shared with my son, his wife and my two grandchildren. Arigataikotoni (thankfully), this house was spared but it’s been drenched in a meter of sea water. My son travels every day from the hinanjo to pump out the mud and clean up the mess. The grandchildren have relocated to my daughter’s house in another prefecture, and it’s hard to say when we can live together as a family again.

I’m not complaining. It’s a miracle that none of my family are missing. But let me say this: life in a hinanjo is like living an slow death. It’s not just the discomfort and stress of sleeping among 200 other people in a gymnasium. In the mornings, we elderly are awake at 4 a.m. but jitai suru (refrain from) using any amenities until 8 a.m. We want the working people to get their turn first. And at night, we try to go to bed as soon as possible, so others can do the same. Still, the darkness is overwhelming and the yoruno jikan (night hours) are so long. It’s hard to get to sleep when people are constantly coughing and sobbing, and coming and going by one’s pillow. In the mornings we’re left feeling drained.

But far worse is the feeling that I’m a burden, and have nothing whatever to do. At home, there was always some chore to be done. Now I can hardly hear myself think and the hinanjo meals that consist mainly of cold convenience-store foodstuffs aren’t exactly beneficial to my seishin (spirit) or my shoukaki-kei( digestive system).

Oh no, there I go again. My son is always telling me that I’m a kuchiurusai obaasan ( an old woman who’s always complaining and scolding) but that’s what happens when a person reaches 70 — which in Japan used to be described as “koki.” It’s comprised of the kanji characters “ko” ofkodai ( ancient) and “ki” of kisho (rarity) — put the two together and what you get is a concept that means very rare since ancient times. When you consider that the average lifespan for the Japanese at the beginning of the 20th century was 45 years, living to 70 is indeed a rarity. Can’t he recognize that, and treat me with respect?

That’s what’s missing from this hinanjo life: respect. I don’t mean that people aren’t nice, because they are. They’re shinsetsu (kind) and atatakai (warm) and so concerned. Most of the people working here are borantia ( volunteers) and the doctors here have come all the way from Kobe, because they dealt with quake victims before, during the Hanshin disaster 16 years ago. I’m of the koreisha (elderly) group so they take our temperature daily, give us medication when it’s available and see to it that we go to the bathroom. Apparently, the doctors pay us special attention because they must prevent deaths in the hinanjo. It just doesn’t look good for a survivor to die — not for the volunteers who are working so hard, for the government who are at their wits’ end trying to mend the huge rupture in the fabric of this country’s system, and the national image.

Now don’t get me wrong, I’m not accusing or indicting. But treating us like fossils in an incubation box (albeit a cold one) isn’t what respect is about. The koreisha of Japan are not the helpless, burdensome bunch of toshiyori ( oldies) that everyone seems to think. What saddens us most is the feeling that we aremeiwaku wo kaketeiru ( imposing on others), and being deprived of the opportunity to work and contribute. Some of us may need care, but many koreisha have a huge reserve of knowledge and experience to draw on, namely those awful years during World War II. I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again: sensocho no kotowo omoeba nandemonai (when I think of what it was like during the war, this is nothing.) It’s a sentiment shared by everyone over 70, I think. And the whole world should know that the Imperial Family — yes! — have shut off the main electrical system in the palace and are now living by candlelight, and the Emperor has said the exact same thing. When I was a child I carried water and lived on hard potatoes and so did everyone else. Watashitachi wo motto katsuyoshite kudasai ( Utilize us more, please) is what I say. The nationwide slogan now calls for all Japanese to be as one (hitotsuni naro, Nippon) but it feels like we oldies are being left out. I speak for many when I say, we want in! Chikarani naritai ( I want to help) is not just the battle cry of the young.

Today’s column is based on a conversation with a tsunami survivor in the Natori district of Miyagi Prefecture. She prefers not to give her name.

Share and Enjoy:
  • Digg
  • Reddit
  • Facebook
  • Yahoo! Buzz
  • Google Bookmarks
  • email
  • Print
  • LinkedIn


Comment by William R. Cumming

April 20, 2011 @ 7:04 am

Great post and many thanks for the insights. Problem I have is it understates Japan’s crisis. The statistics are probably being corrupted by the government but the first solid statistics out on the Japanese economy show far more impact from the event than anyone suggested. And the numbers of “evacuees” which are in fact “refugees” IMO is way understated. Also the no-go zone looks like access and egress ops are not being conducted with thoroughness and the Japanese have even allowed school children to be labeled OK with the same exposure to radiation as emergency workers.

Yes I am Henny Penny and the sky did fall on Japan and will continue to do so. I now believe that the coverup by both GOJ and TEPO will have significant “fallout” for the Japanese. Time will tell. Most US MSM analysis seems driven (perhaps because of a lack of competence or even corruption) to minimize this events impact on Japan and on the US. Watch US auto production closely and sales of certain items such as chips and flatscreens. And of course there is always the NEXT event around the corner.

Comment by William R. Cumming

April 20, 2011 @ 8:46 am

Phil! Question? I have heard it suggested that 80% of all fatalities so far in the Japanese crisis are folks over 65 and wonder if you can confirm at any point?

Comment by Donald Quixote

April 20, 2011 @ 8:46 am

You may find an article in The Economist interesting and relevant for your posting:

The curse of complacency:
Americans are neither shaken nor stirred
Apr 7th 2011, LOS ANGELES


Our memories are often too short and our expectations are often too high. We surely need to work on improving both of them. Or we can just wait for the inevitable, critical and harsh after-action and commission reports. And don’t call me Shirley…

Comment by Philip J. Palin

April 20, 2011 @ 8:58 am

According to Kyodo on April 18: Over half of those killed in three northeastern Japanese prefectures by the catastrophic March 11 earthquake and tsunami were aged 65 or older, while over 95 percent of deaths reported in Miyagi Prefecture alone resulted from drowning under the tsunami, fresh data showed Sunday. Of the 9,112 killed in Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima pefectures whose ages are confirmed, 4,990, or 54.8 percent, were aged 65 or older, according to the data Kyodo tallied based on a list of victims by the National Police Agency.

Comment by William R. Cumming

April 20, 2011 @ 3:17 pm

Thanks Phil and thanks to DQ for the link to the Economist Mag story. Does anyone in US understand the UK has had severe floods in the last decade? Also Cech Republic and Prague!

Hey the TEXANS folks are getting a close up of the wildland/urban interface about now. How do you mitigate a drought? PUMP oil?

Comment by Christopher Tingus

April 21, 2011 @ 5:15 am

While I will certainly look at the demographics of the region, the 80% of fatalities having been over 65 is interesting and wondering whether the more rural areas have seen the younger folks running off to Tokyo for the hustle bustle leaving parents back home and the northern region having more elders —

And yes, William, surely the “NEXT event around the corner” at present Texas wildfires burning all over, however expecting substantial earthquake, more tsunami and of course still working the Haiti situation in the wastewater and water purification development and manufacturing of housing for locals w/so many still sitting in tatterted tents waitinh for the NEXT hurricane to strike maybe early June as this promises to be a more active hurricane season!

and yes, the next oil spill as I read the latest global report on past and present “oil spils” pointing to the regularity of oil spills!

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a comment

XHTML: You can use these tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>