Homeland Security Watch

News and analysis of critical issues in homeland security

March 25, 2013

DOD Strategy for Homeland Defense and Defense Support of Civil Authorities

Filed under: General Homeland Security — by Arnold Bogis on March 25, 2013

Last month the Department of Defense released a new “Strategy for Homeland Defense and Defense of Civil Authorities.”

Like most DOD policy documents, this ain’t short.

Okay, I have to admit I haven’t read it yet and if you plan to, you might want to consider pouring yourself a glass of whatever you prefer, get a bag of snacks, and pick a comfortable chair.

Okay…it’s only 25 pages.  But a dense, jargon filled 25 pages. Maybe I’m just getting lazy.

But here are a few interesting points from the sections I’ve read. It is only a coincidence that the first has to do with the blending of national and homeland security:

We are now moving beyond traditional distinctions between homeland and national security.National security draws on the strength and resilience of our citizens, communities, and economy. This includes a determination to prevent terrorist attacks against the American people by fully coordinating the actions that we take abroad with the actions and precautions that we take at home. It must also include a commitment to building a more secure and resilient nation, while maintaining open flows of goods and people. We will continue to develop the capacity to address the threats and hazards that confront us, while redeveloping our infrastructure to secure our people and work cooperatively with other nations.

National Security Strategy May 2010

Phil should be at least intrigued by the following section:

Vulnerabilities: Contemporary threats and hazards are magnified by the vulnerabilities created by the increasingly interconnected nature of information systems, critical infrastructure, and supply chains. The information networks and industrial control systems owned by DoD, and those maintained by commercial service providers and infrastructure operators, are subjected to increasingly sophisticated cyber intrusions and are vulnerable to physical attack and natural and manmade disasters. A targeted cyber or kinetic attack on the nation’s commercial electrical infrastructure would not only degrade DoD mission essential functions but also impact DoD sustainment operations that depend on commercial electricity for fuel distribution, communications, and transportation. In the context of this increasingly interconnected security environment, seemingly isolated or remote incidents cancause substantial physical effects, degrade Defense systems, and quickly be transformed into significant or catastrophic events.

The oft-stated concern that citizens are too reliant on government help after a disaster has seeped into DOD strategies:

Public expectations for a decisive, fast, and effective Federal response to disasters have grown in the past decade, particularly in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. Although DoD is always in a support role to civilian authorities (primarily the Federal Emergency Management Agency, or FEMA) for disaster response, the capacity, capabilities, training, and professionalism of the Armed Forces mean that DoD is often expected to play a prominent supporting role in response efforts. The prevailing “go big, go early, go fast, be smart” approach to saving lives and protecting property in the homeland – evident during the preparations for and response to Hurricane Irene in August 2011 and particularly Hurricane Sandy in October 2012 – requires DoD to rapidly and effectively harness resources to quickly respond to civil support requests in the homeland.

The full document can be found here: http://www.defense.gov/news/Homelanddefensestrategy.pdf

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Comment by William R. Cumming

March 26, 2013 @ 9:26 am

Okay will read before commenting except to state that this document was largely a contractor effort.

Also deployment of DoD assets in declared Presidential disaters exclusive of the National Guard are usually extremely limited and in reality support for STATE and their LOCAL Governments law enforcement although not labeled such because of Posse Commitatus law found in Title 18 the US Criminal Code [noting that some criminal laws appear in other titles of the US Code]!

95% of NG training and equipement and payroll is paid by DoD. When deployed by a Governor, FEMA usually picks up the entire NG tab.

Comment by William R. Cumming

March 26, 2013 @ 11:50 am

Avery odd document and will comment in detail later!

Comment by William R. Cumming

March 26, 2013 @ 11:53 am

BTW footnote 10 cites the Posse Commitatus Act as codified at 10 USC Section 375. I believe this is wrong but checking it out.

Posse Comitatus Act

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

This article is about the Posse Comitatus Act in the United States. For other uses of posse comitatus, see Posse comitatus (disambiguation).

The Posse Comitatus Act is the United States federal law (18 U.S.C. § 1385, original at 20 Stat. 152) that was passed on June 18, 1878, after the end of Reconstruction and was updated in 1981. Its intent (in concert with the Insurrection Act of 1807) was to limit the powers of Federal government in using federal military personnel to enforce the State laws.

The Bill/Act as modified in 1981 refers to the Armed Forces of the United States. It does not apply to the National Guard under state authority from acting in a law enforcement capacity within its home state or in an adjacent state if invited by that state’s governor. The U.S. Coast Guard, which operates under the Department of Homeland Security, is also not covered by the Posse Comitatus Act, primarily because the Coast Guard has both a maritime law enforcement mission and a federal regulatory agency mission.

[hide] 1 History
2 Legislation 2.1 Recent legislative events

3 Exclusions and limitations 3.1 Exclusion applicable to U.S. Coast Guard
3.2 Drone training

4 See also
5 References 5.1 Bibliography

6 External links

Comment by William R. Cumming

March 26, 2013 @ 12:59 pm

Footnote 10 in error as recorded!

“Whoever, except in cases and under circumstances expressly authorized by the Constitution or Act of Congress, willfully uses any part of the Army or the Air Force as a posse comitatus or otherwise to execute the laws shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.” Posse Comitatus Act of 1878, 18 U.S.C. § 1385 (2012).”

So who reviewed the report and signed off?

Comment by Joe A

April 3, 2013 @ 8:38 am

Actually, the one they cited is the code that extends PCA to the Navy and USMC, so it covers all DoD.

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