I read the 2013 National Preparedness Report on Monday. If DHS is going to take the time to produce this second portrait of the Nation’s preparedness, the least one can do is read it.
The Report’s not bad. If nothing else, it reminds the reader about the megacomplexity of homeland security. There is information in the report about what myriad agencies are doing under myriad constraints to prepare for myriad threats.
The usual terrorism, cyber, “all hazards,” and resilience suspects appear frequently, but so too do active shooter incidents, drought, low crop yields, greenhouse gas pollution, improving energy use, saving water, rising sea levels, vulnerable populations, unity of military effort, biohazards, biosurveillance, big data, public health cutbacks, computer forensic demands, financial crimes, food and agriculture and animal safety, transportation security, housing, culture, cyber workforce, impact of extreme weather on deteriorating infrastructure, supply chains, citizen and private sector involvement, fatality management….
There really is a lot in this 60 page (plus or minus) document.
I wonder who will read the Report. Maybe some people in DHS. Maybe a few people on congressional staffs. Maybe homeland security students.
The Report’s analytical conclusions tend to follow this pattern: “Progress has been made. Challenges remain. The Report and the data it draws from will mature in future years as we get more experience assessing preparedness.”
I think those are fair claims.
I don’t think the report will satisfy people who look for unambiguous evidence about the impact, or lack of impact, from homeland security spending. I think the document is still mostly a synthesis of other reports, self-assessments, and anecdotes. The report’s authors call this quantitative and qualitative data.
But I don’t know a better, or more current, overview of what’s going on in homeland security with respect to preparing for just about everything one could anticipate. (I did not see mention of space weather, meteors or obesity; but I might have missed something.)
If you do care about homeland security, I think reading the report will be a good use of your time.
After you’ve read it, see if you can answer these questions.
The answers are in the Report but I will post them later in the week. (You can find acronym translations on pages 63 and 64 of the Report.)
1. Why was the Report written?
a. Required by PPD 8
b. To provide a national perspective on preparedness trends
c. To inform program priorities
d. To help allocate resources
e. To communicate concerns to stakeholders
f. All of the above
g. DHS budget will not be released until the annual preparedness report is completed
2. How many core capabilities are identified in the National Preparedness Goal
3. Number of times the National Preparedness Goal is described specifically in the Report
4. The majority of state and local respondents in a preparedness survey expect the federal government to be largely responsible for all the below, except for (select as many as you’d like):
a. Economic recovery,
b. Fatality management,
5. According to a 2012 survey of state Chief Information Security Officers, what percent were confident in their state’s ability to protect against external cyber threats?
6. According to the Preparedness Report, what is the percentage of Americans who have “physical, sensory, intellectual, or cognitive disabilities”?
7. Which of the following is not among the 4 capabilities states rated as areas where they were the least prepared
a. Economic recovery
d. Natural and cultural resources
8. Which of the following are “newly identified national areas for improvement”? (select all that apply)
a. Fatality management
b. Enhancing resilience of infrastructure systems
c. Forensics and attribution
d. Maturing the role of public private partnerships
e. Supply chain integrity and security
9. According to the 2012 state assessment of current capability, which of the 31 capabilities received the highest average capability score?
a. Public information and warning
b. Community resilience
c. Operational coordination
d. On scene security and protection
10. Which of the 31 capabilities received the lowest average score in the state assessment?
a. Interdiction and disruption
b. Mass care services
d. Critical transportation
11. As of 2012, agencies had to belong to the Emergency Management Assistance Compact if they wanted to receive a DHS preparedness grant
12. Applicants for Hospital Preparedness Program grants and Public Health Emergency Preparedness grants have to submit four separate grant applications to four different agencies before they are eligible to receive one of the grants.
13. FEMA’s 2012 household preparedness survey found an increase in the number of people who believe that a natural disaster was likely to occur in their community. That belief triggered a “substantial increase” in individual preparedness behaviors, such as building a disaster supply kit and making a household emergency plan.
a. Both statements are true.
b. The first statement is true; the second one is false.
c. The first statement is false; the second one is true.
d. Both statements are false.
14. In 2012, federal agencies had to include climate change adaption plans in their sustainability plans.
c. False; there is no such thing as a federal agency sustainment plan
15. Which of the following acronyms is not related to the public information and warning capability (select all that apply)
16. Which of the following acronyms do not appear in the 2013 Preparedness Report (you may select more than one)
17. Which country was not involved (according to the Preparedness Report) with helping the US improve “operational coordination in law enforcement, cargo screening, and passenger screening”.
c. South Korea
f. Republic of Congo
h. European Union (a country for the purposes of this question)
18. Average time DHS said it took to conduct searches of biometric watch list data from US ports of entry and US consulates
a. One week
b. One day
c. About three hours
d. Less than a minute
e. Under 10 seconds
19. According to the Preparedness Report, the approximate number of terabytes of data processed by regional computer forensics laboratories in 2011 was
a. 400 gigabytes, less than half a terabyte
b. 4 terabytes
c. 400 terabytes
d. 4000 terabytes
e. One yottabyte
20. DHS established a maturity model that identifies the four stages through which the national fusion center network will progress “as it moves toward full capability and operational integration as a unified system.” As of February 2013, the national network was at what stage of the maturity model:
a. Stage 1 – Fundamental
b. Stage 2 – Emerging
c. Stage 3 – Enhanced
d. Stage 4 – Mature
21. As of 2011, approximately what percentage of the 1500 requests for financial transaction data from the Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network was “directly related to terrorism”?
22. The State, Local, Tribal and Territorial Government Coordinating Council studied critical infrastructure programs in 31 states. Approximately what percentage of the programs were able to measure the effectiveness of their critical infrastructure protection activities?
23. Approximately how many Citizen Corps Councils are in the US?
24. The most common natural disaster in the US is
b. Wild land Fires
25. The method most frequently used by states and local jurisdictions to enforce mandatory evacuation orders is:
c. Removal by force
d. Mandatory evacuation orders are rarely enforced
26. Which of the following is not a part of the DoD CBRN response enterprise?
a. Command and control CBRN response elements
b. National Guard WMD civil support teams
c. National Guard CBRNE enhanced response force packages
d. Homeland response forces
e. They are all a part of the DoD CBRN response enterprise
f. There is no such thing as a DoD CBRN response enterprise
27. According to the Preparedness Report, most counties in the United States have established capabilities to provide response-level interoperable communications within one hour of an incident.
28. The Federal Highway Administration estimate of the percentage of the nation’s bridges that are either structurally deficient or functionally obsolete is
d. More than 50%
29. According to the Preparedness Report, “Interstate mutual aid plays a limited role in augmenting the capabilities of states and territories.”
30. Each year, the Nation makes additional advances toward realizing the National Preparedness Goal and implementing the National Preparedness System through improved guidance and new partnerships involving all levels of government; private and nonprofit sectors; faith-based organizations; communities; and individuals.