Homeland Security Watch

News and analysis of critical issues in homeland security

January 7, 2016


Filed under: Immigration — by Philip J. Palin on January 7, 2016

As signaled before Christmas, the Department of Homeland Security has begun a focused effort to deport Central Americans who have arrived in the United States since May 1, 2014.   On January 4, the Department released a statement explaining this action.

According to the Chicago Tribune:

Federal immigration authorities apprehended 121 adults and children in raids over the New Year’s weekend as part of a nationwide operation to deport a new wave of illegal immigrants.

The families taken into custody by Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents were living in Georgia, Texas and North Carolina, [DHS Secretary] Johnson said in a statement. They are being held temporarily in federal detention centers before being deported to Central America…

The raids were the first in a broad operation by the Obama administration that is targeting for deportation hundreds of families that have crossed the southern border illegally since the start of last year.

The Northern Triangle of Central America — Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala — n recent years has suffered serious and increasing violence, mostly at the hands of drug cartels serving the US market.  In 2014 President Obama took action to facilitate emigrants from the region applying for refugee status.  Over 200,000 Salvadorans, for example, have qualified for Temporary Protected Status. (See TPS details.)  But during fiscal year 2015 barely 4300 individuals applied for the Central American Minor refugee program, only ninety had begun the DHS interview process, and only eleven had been “conditionally approved” for refugee status. (See more on CAM.)

According to a January 5 report in the Washington Post, El Salvador is now the murder capital of the Western Hemisphere. “The 2015 murder rate of about 104 homicides per 100,000 people, an increase of about 70 percent from the year before, is estimated to be among the highest in the world for countries not at war, far surpassing neighboring Honduras, which had held the title of murder capital in recent years.”

Given the profound risks Central American migrants face in their home countries, many legal experts perceive a significant majority of Central American migrants meet the standards for refugee status under the Immigration and Nationality Act. But given an overburdened immigration court system and lack of legal counsel for migrants, many who are legally (and morally?) qualified for such status are unable to effectively make their claim.

Late Tuesday the Board of Immigration Appeals temporarily halted the deportation of at least twelve of those taken into custody over the weekend.  According to the Houston Chronicle, “nearly all of the small pool of immigrants who received legal assistance this week obtained a temporary delay in their deportation show[ing] they are being wrongly removed… many face deportation orders simply because they don’t know they must show up to court or are afraid to or because they lack legal help to navigate the complex asylum process.”

In comments for the Friday Free Forum, Vicki Campbell highlighted the judgment of one migrant advocate, “A year and a half after the President said he wished to make his immigration policy more humane, his agents are rounding up mothers and children with the intent of sending them to likely violence and possible death.”

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Comment by William R. Cumming

January 7, 2016 @ 5:51 am

Don’t bet on the USA continuing its war on children domestically and internationally after the 2016 General Elections.

While protecting the unborn continues to be a policy nightmare the official consensus is let’s open discriminate against those under 21 in various ways.

Where are Jane Addams and Frances Perkins when we need them?

Comment by William R. Cumming

January 7, 2016 @ 5:54 am

Frances Perkins Wilson (born Fannie Coralie Perkins; April 10, 1880 – May 14, 1965) was the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, the longest serving in that position, and the first woman appointed to the U.S. Cabinet. As a loyal supporter of her friend, Franklin D. Roosevelt, she helped pull the labor movement into the New Deal coalition. She and Interior Secretary Harold L. Ickes were the only original members of the Roosevelt cabinet to remain in office for his entire presidency.

During her term as Secretary of Labor, Perkins executed many aspects of the New Deal, including the Civilian Conservation Corps, the Public Works Administration and its successor the Federal Works Agency, and the labor portion of the National Industrial Recovery Act. With the Social Security Act she established unemployment benefits, pensions for the many uncovered elderly Americans, and welfare for the poorest Americans. She pushed to reduce workplace accidents and helped craft laws against child labor. Through the Fair Labor Standards Act, she established the first minimum wage and overtime laws for American workers, and defined the standard forty-hour work week. She formed governmental policy for working with labor unions and helped to alleviate strikes by way of the United States Conciliation Service. Perkins resisted the drafting of American women to serve the military in World War II so that they could enter the civilian workforce in greatly expanded numbers

Comment by William R. Cumming

January 7, 2016 @ 5:58 am

Jane Addams (September 6, 1860 – May 21, 1935) was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in women’s suffrage and world peace. She created the first Hull House. In an era when presidents such as Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson identified themselves as reformers and social activists, Addams was one of the most prominent reformers of the Progressive Era. She helped turn America to issues of concern to mothers, such as the needs of children, local public health, and world peace. She said that if women were to be responsible for cleaning up their communities and making them better places to live, they needed to be able to vote to do so effectively. Addams became a role model for middle-class women who volunteered to uplift their communities. She is increasingly being recognized as a member of the American pragmatist school of philosophy. In 1889 she co-founded Hull House, and in 1920 she was a co-founder for the ACLU. In 1931 she became the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and is recognized as the founder of the social work profession in the United States.

Comment by William R. Cumming

January 7, 2016 @ 6:04 am

Probably wrong to have overlooked Edith Abbott:

Early career
Abbott also worked as an assistant to Sophonisba Breckinridge, then director of social research at the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy. In that position, Abbott contributed to studies of juvenile delinquents and truants. She also created studies on women in industry and problems in the penal system. She lived with her sister, Grace, at Hull House from 1908 to 1920, associating with the men and women who worked in support of Jane Addams and her social reform causes.

In 1920, Abbott and Breckinridge helped arrange the transfer of the School of Civics and Philanthropy to the University of Chicago, where it was renamed to the School of Social Service Administration. The school was the first university-based graduate school of social work. In 1924, Abbott became the school’s dean, the first US woman to become the dean of an American graduate school. She served in that position until 1942, and she emphasized the importance of formal education in social work and the need to include field experience as part of that training. In 1926, Abbott helped establish the Cook County Bureau of Public Welfare.

Abbott published research into several social issues:

Women in Industry (1910)
The Real Jail Problem (1915)
Together with Breckinridge, she published the following studies:

The Delinquent Child and the Home (1912)
Truancy and Non-Attendance in the Chicago Schools (1917)
The two women launched the influential journal Social Service Review in 1927, in addition to launching the University of Chicago Social Service Series of books and monographs, “making use of case records and public documents in a novel and striking way”, as in the classics Immigration: Select Documents and Case Records (1924) and Historical Aspects of the Immigration Problem: Select Documents (1926).

Later career

Abbott was a prominent immigration expert, working for reforms that would end exploitation of immigrants. She was appointed chair of the Committee on Crime and the Foreign Born of the Wickersham National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement (1929–31).

In 1935, Abbott helped draft the Social Security Act. From 1942 to 1953, Abbott taught and edited the Social Service Review, which she had co-founded with Breckinridge in 1927.

Abbott was known to be a confidant and special consultant to Harry Hopkins, adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Abbott was also notable for being appointed to a single case on the California Supreme Court in 1950, making her the first woman to sit on the state’s supreme court.

During her career, Abbott wrote over 100 books and articles on a variety of topics. For this reason, she was known as the “passionate statistician.” In her writing, Abbott stressed the importance and the essential need of a public welfare administration, the need for a more humane social welfare system, the responsibility of the state in relation to social problems, and the social aspects of legislation.

Abbott spent her last years with her brother Arthur in the family home in Grand Island, where she died of pneumonia in 1957. She left the bulk of her estate to the Grand Island Public Library. She also left a trust for a collection of non-fiction books in memory of her mother, Elizabeth Abbott.

Women in industry; a study in American economic history. New York; London: D. Appleton and Co., 1910.

Comment by William R. Cumming

January 7, 2016 @ 6:07 am

In the unsung heroes category please let this fuzzy headed liberal nominate President George W. Bush and his DHS Secretary Michael Chertoff for their efforts though failed on comprehensive immigration reform!

Do you know who the Gang of Eight were? Marco Rubio was one!

Comment by William R. Cumming

January 7, 2016 @ 6:09 am

IMO Social Workers in the USA and elsewhere often an essential part of those promoting Homeland Security!

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